Category: Heritage-Maryland

Timeline: Craighill Channel Upper Range Rear Lighthouse

Craighill Channel Upper Range (Cut-Off Channel) Rear Lighthouse Timeline (Located on mainland – head of Old Road Bay. On Wharf Road at Sparrows Point Bethlehem Steel Plant -07/21/14) 1886 70-foot white square corrugated ironclad light supported by pyramidal iron framework built on brick foundation .Fitted with 4th-order locomotive light. Six-room wood and brick cottage-style keeper’s …

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Timeline: Craighill Upper Range Front Light

Craighill Channel Upper Range Front (Cut-off Channel) Lighthouse Timeline (Located within 350 feet off North Point; 1.3 miles southeast of the Upper Rear light, on the north side of the mouth of Patapsco River, near Fort Howard, just off Veterans Administration property – 07/21/14) 1886 22 foot tall, two story octagonal brick tower built on the …

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Timeline: Turkey Point Lighthouse

(Located in Elk Neck State Park, Cecil County, MD – tallest focal plane of any MD lighthouse –- Home to four women keepers – Revised 04/01/18) 1833 Thirty-five foot masonry tower and wooden keepers’ quarters built by John Donahoo on 100-foot bluff overlooking the Elk and North East Rivers. 1856 Fourth-order Fresnel lens visible for …

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Timeline: Thomas Point Shoal Lighthouse

Thomas Point Lighthouse - Can you tell if the pickets are new or old?

(The last manned lighthouse of the Chesapeake Bay) 1825 First lighthouse, a granite tower, built 100 feet inland on seven acre parcel by John Donahoo. Fitted with Argand style lighting apparatus. 1840 Second lighthouse, a masonry tower built by Winslow Lewis. 1st tower demolished. 1855 Lamp replaced by 5th order Fresnel lens. 1875 Third and …

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Timeline: Solomon’s Lump Lighthouse

(Located on south side of Kedges Strait near Smith Island between the Chesapeake Bay and Tangier Sound – nearly eight miles from land) 1875 First lighthouse, a screwpile built on Solomons Lump shoal. 1893 Lighthouse damaged by moving ice and later carried away by ice during construction of present caisson. 1895 Present steel caisson on cast-iron …

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Timeline: Sharps Island Lighthouse

(The leaning light of the Chesapeake Bay) 1838 First lighthouse, a wooden tower, built on the island (900 acres). 1848 Lighthouse moved inland due to erosion (now – 450 acres). 1855 Lighthouse refitted with 5th order Fresnel lens. 1865/66 Second light, a screwpile, built on shoal. 1881 Screwpile destroyed by ice. Structure w/ keepers aboard …

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Timeline: Seven Foot Knoll Lighthouse

Seven Foot Knoll

(Located at Pier 5, Inner Harbor, Baltimore, MD – Oldest screwpile lighthouse in Maryland – Revised 09/02/08) 1855 Light station established at the mouth of the Patapsco River. Second screwpile built on the bay – unique circular design 40 feet in diameter and made of cast-iron. Nearby Bodkin Light decommissioned. 1856 Fourth-order Fresnel lens installed. …

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Timeline: Sandy Point Shoal Lighthouse

(Located north of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge, offshore from Sandy Point State Park, near Annapolis, MD – Revised – 09/02/08) 1858 First lighthouse established on land at Sandy Point. 1883 Present three-story, 51 foot tall red brick dwelling with white roof on brown constructed on caisson, 1,000 yards from Sandy Point State Park. 1890 Flashing …

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Timeline: Pooles Island Lighthouse

Pooles Island Lighthouse

(Located on Pooles Island, off the mouth of the Gunpowder River – part of the Aberdeen Proving Ground. Oldest lighthouse still standing in MD – 4th Oldest LH on the Chesapeake Bay – 07/13/14) 1825 40 foot tall white-washed conical tower of Port Deposit granite built by John Donahoo- his second lighthouse project, assisted by …

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Timeline: Piney Point Lighthouse

1836 Thirty-four foot tall brick lighthouse and Keepers’ dwelling built by John Donahoo of Havre de Grace, MD for $3,888. 1855 Old reflecting apparatus consisting of 10 lamps and 10 15-inch reflectors replaced with a 5th order Fresnel lens. Range increased to 11 miles. 1880 Thirty foot tall bell tower added to the light station …

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Timeline: Hooper Strait Lighthouse

(Located on the grounds of the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St.Michael’s, MD) 1827 Light station established. Several lightships in service. 1867 First screwpile built on north side of the entrance into Tangier Sound, marking the shoal on the north side of the channel between the mainland and Bloodsworth Island. 1877 Screwpile carried away and destroyed …

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Timeline: Hooper Island Lighthouse

(Located on the westerly point of the shoals to the west of Hooper Island and on the eastern side of the Bay – exactly halfway up the Chesapeake Bay) 1901 Construction of caisson with iron and brick dwelling constructed in 18 feet of water using pneumatic process begins (one of seven bay lights built using …

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Timeline: Holland Island Bar Lighthouse

(Located west of Holland Island, north of Smith Island, approx. 12 miles from mainland.) 1889 Hexagonal one and a half story cottage screwpile (similar to Drum Point LH) built at Lazaretto Depot and towed to site on Tangier Sound. Exhibits a fixed white light from a 4th order Fresnel lens. Fog bell also installed. 1905 …

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Timeline: Fort Washington Lighthouse

Fort Washington

(Located at Fort Washington Park, Fort Washington, MD – Prince Georges County -revised 09/02/08) 1857 Light station – 18 1⁄2 foot cast-iron column with small light established at the intersection of the Potomac River w/ Swan and Piscataway Creeks. 1870 Small tower with 6th-order lens built. 1882 Present structure – 32 foot pyramidal wooden fog …

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Timeline: Fishing Battery Lighthouse

(Located on Fishing Battery Island, 2.5 miles below the entrance to the Susquehanna River, Havre de Grace, MD) 1853 Construction of 32-foot tall, integral one and a half story brick lighthouse/dwelling built by John Donahoo. This was his last of 13 lighthouses. Fitted with 5 lamps and reflectors. 1855 Fitted with 6th-order Fresnel lens. 1864 …

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Timeline: Point No Point Lighthouse

(Located six miles north of Point Lookout and nine miles south by southwest of Hooper Island Light) 1902 Construction begins on wooden caisson by Toomey Brothers of New York. 1903 Temporary pier collapses; caisson breaks apart in gale force winds and drifts down the bay, settling near the Rappahannock River, 40 miles south of construction …

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Timeline: Point Lookout Lighthouse

Point Lookout Lighthouse on a rainy November day.

1830    One and one half story integral lighthouse built at the mouth of the Potomac River by John Donahoo of Havre De Grace, MD. James Davis serves as first keeper but dies within months of taking office. 1862   Hammond General Hospital established near lighthouse. 1863   Camp Hoffman (Union Prisoner of War Camp …

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Timeline: Cedar Point Lighthouse

(One of the shorter-lived lighthouse on the Bay) 1896 Three story cottage style structure of wood & brick with a square white tower attached to one corner built on a peninsula near the entrance to the Patuxent River. October 31, 1896 Fourth-order Fresnel lens flashing red at five-second intervals is lit. 1907 First erosion control project initiated. 1928 Lighthouse …

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Timeline: Drum Point Lighthouse

(Located on grounds of Calvert Marine Museum, Solomons, MD) 1883 Forty-six foot tall, white hexagonal 1 1⁄2 story cottage on seven wrought-iron screwpiles constructed on the north side of the mouth of the Patuxent River in ten to twelve feet of water, 70 feet offshore. Exhibited a fixed red light with 4th-order Fresnel lens. 1933 …

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Timeline: Cove Point Lighthouse

Picture perfect day at Cove Point.

(Located four miles north of the entrance of Patuxent River, Calvert County, MD. Oldest continuously operating lighthouse in MD- Revised 04/02/18) 1828 Forty-foot tall masonry tower marking the shoal that extends offshore near Calvert Cliffs, MD and detached keepers dwelling built by John Donahoo. Fitted with eleven lamps and 18” reflectors. James Somerville appointed first …

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Timeline: Concord Point Lighthouse

Concord Point - looking good!

(Northernmost Maryland Lighthouse – located on Susquehanna River in town of Havre de Grace, MD) 1827 Thirty-eight and a half foot tall conical tower of Port Deposit granite and detached keepers’ dwelling built on nearby separate land parcel by John Donahoo. 1827 John O’Neill, local hero from the War of 1812 appointed first keeper. 1855 …

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Timeline: Blackistone Island Lighthouse

(Located on the southern tip of St. Clement’s Island, St. Mary’s County, MD, on the mouth of the St. Marys’ River on the Potomac River. AKA Blakistone Island – revised 8/16/13) 1851 Two story brick dwelling with integral tower built on Blackistone Island by John Donahoo. 2nd last lighthouse built by Donahoo. 1857 Tower fitted …

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Timeline: Bloody Point Bar Lighthouse

1882 37 foot tall iron beacon on 30 foot caisson (similar to Sharps Island light) constructed off the tip of Kent Island. Equipped with 4th order Fresnel lens, foghorn & bell backup. 1883 Gales scour sand from under northwest side of lighthouse and cause six degree tilt. 1884/85 Dredging and construction of a 760 ton …

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Timeline: Baltimore Lighthouse

Baltimore Harbor Lighthouse

(Last conventional lighthouse built on Chesapeake Bay) 1890:   The Lighthouse Board requests $60,000 for a lighthouse to mark the entrance to the Baltimore Channel at the mouth of the Magothy River. 1894:   Congress appropriates $60,000 on August 18, 1894. 1895:   Test borings reveal 55 feet of soft mud before reaching sand, which causes a delay. …

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Craighill Channel Lower Range Rear Lighthouse

Craighill Channel Lower Range Light Rear (Miller’s Island) was originally to be a screwpile light. The lighthouse was constructed in 1873 on 9 granite piers with a pyramidal iron skeletal tower with a square central cylinder with a fourth-order Fresnel lens. It is a unique style for the Chesapeake Bay and is painted with a …

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Craighill Channel Lower Range Front Lighthouse

Craighill Channel Lower Range Light Front (Craighill Light) is the second oldest cast iron, “spark plug” and caisson type lighthouse in the United States. Its design with a single-story keeper’s quarters is unique. Built in 1873, it had a fourth-order Fresnel lens with a red lantern. The light was automated in 1964 with a 250 …

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Craighill Channel Upper Range Front Lighthouse

Craighill Channel Upper Range Light Front (Cutoff Channel Range Front, Ft. Howard) was built on the foundation of the old North Point Light. It is a small red and white brick octagonal tower. The original keeper’s quarters were located onshore with a wooden bridge connecting the light to the shore. After the bridge was destroyed …

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Craighill Channel Upper Range Rear Lighthouse

Craighill Channel Upper Range Light Rear (Cutoff Channel Range Rear) was built in 1886 and consists of an iron frame supporting a wooden tower that is covered with corrugated iron. A locomotive headlight was used as the original lantern and the keeper lived in a house next to the tower. The light was automated in …

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Blakistone Island Lighthouse

Blakistone Island Light was once located on Blackston Island. Today the island is better known as St. Clement’s Island. The island is only 5 miles downriver from Cobb Point Bar light. Congress appropriated $3,500 in 1848 for the lighthouse construction. John Donahoo was awarded the contract at a cost of $4,535. The structure was a …

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Lazaretto Point Lighthouse

The original tower on this point was built in 1831 by John Donahoo, the builder of 12 Chesapeake Bay lights. This was the tenth light that he was to build. It was 31 feet tall and was built of brick. The decision to build here was made because the government already owned five acres of …

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