Category: Heritage-Maryland

Upper Cedar Point Lighthouse

Photo Courtesy of the U.S. Coast Guard In 1821, a lightship was stationed at the location of the Upper Cedar Point Lighthouse.  For the next 46 years, a total of four lightships remained there until the Lighthouse Board began replacing lightships with permanent structures.  In 1867, a white, square screwpile light was built.  It was …

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Somers Cove Lighthouse

Photo Courtesy of the U.S. Coast Guard Somers Cove Light was constructed in 1867 as a cottage screwpile lighthouse with a sixth-order Fresnel lens. The cost of the construction was approximately $10,000. The lighthouse marked the entrance to Little Annemessex River at Crisfield, Maryland. The lighthouse was dismantled in 1932. Some of the original framework …

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Sharkfin Shoal Lighthouse

Photo Courtesy of the U.S. Coast Guard Sharkfin Shoal Light was constructed as a cottage screwpile lighthouse in 1892 with a fourth-order Fresnel lens. It was located two miles southwest of Clay Island at the Nanticoke River. This lighthouse replaced the Clay Island Light that was located two miles to the northeast. The lighthouse was …

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Ragged Point Lighthouse

Photo Courtesy of the U.S. Coast Guard Ragged Point Light was constructed in March 1910 as a hexagonal screwpile lighthouse with a fourth-order Fresnel lens. It was the last lighthouse built in the Chesapeake Bay area. It was built at Coles Point, near the Virginia shore in Westmoreland County, to mark a shoal that ran …

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Mathias Point Lighthouse

Photo Courtesy of the U.S. Coast Guard Mathias Point Shoal Lighthouse was built in 1876. It was a hexagonal screwpile cottage lighthouse described as resembling a wedding cake. The light had a fifth-order Fresnel lens. It was located between the Port Tobacco River and Potomac River near the Virginia shoreline upriver from Dahlgren, VA. The …

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Maryland Point Lighthouse

Photo Courtesy of the U.S. Coast Guard Maryland Point Light was a white hexagonal screwpile cottage with dormer windows and a red roof built in 1892. The light was located in the middle of the Potomac River halfway between Fairview Beach, VA and Caledon Natural Area State Park in King George County, VA. The cottage …

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Lower Cedar Point Lighthouse

Photo Courtesy of the U.S. Coast Guard Lower Cedar Point Light was established in 1867 to replace a lightship (1825-1861) that was burned and destroyed by Confederate forces. A second lightship provided services in 1864. A screwpile lighthouse was built in 1867 in the middle of the Potomac River downstream from the Potomac River Bridge …

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Baltimore Harbor Lighthouse

Baltimore Harbor Lighthouse

The Lighthouse Board’s original request for $60,000 to build a lighthouse was made in 1890 to mark the entrance to the Baltimore channel at the mouth of the Magothy River.  Those funds were approved by Congress in 1894, but after extensive testing which revealed a layer of soft mud 55 feet below the surface of …

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Love Point Lighthouse

Photo Courtesy of the U.S. Coast Guard Love Point Light was a hexagonal screwpile lighthouse built in 1872 at a cost of $15,000. It was located at the mouth of the Chester River and the Chesapeake Bay. It was a duplicate of the original Choptank River Light. Two of the main columns of the lighthouse …

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Janes Island Lighthouse

Photo Courtesy of the U.S. Coast Guard Janes Island Lighthouse was a screwpile built to replace a lightship that was stationed at Tangier Sound in the entrance to Little Annemessex River just west of Crisfield, MD. The first lighthouse was constructed in 1867 and destroyed by moving ice on January 20, 1879. The next lighthouse, …

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Holland Island Bar Lighthouse

Photo Courtesy of the U.S. Coast Guard Holland Island Bar Light was originally a white hexagonal cottage screwpile structure built in 1889. The light was located in the Chesapeake Bay west of Holland Island, north of the Smith Island. In 1931 the lighthouse keeper was mysteriously found dead in his bed at the lighthouse. In …

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Greenbury Point Shoals Lighthouse

Greenbury Point Shoal Light Station was constructed in 1849. It was located in the mouth of the Severn River marking the entrance to Annapolis Harbor. It was equipped with a steamer’s lens on May 14, 1855. The lighthouse was a 1½ story dwelling with a tall octagonal tower rising from its center.Lighthouse Board 1878 report …

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Great Shoals Lighthouse

Great Shoals Lighthouse was constructed in 1884 at the entrance to Wicomico River, Chesapeake Bay. The square cottage was pre-fabricated at the Lazaretto Depot in Baltimore and all the components were shipped to the construction site in July 1884. The light was completed in 32 days. In 1884 a fifth order Fresnel lens was installed. …

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Fog Point Lighthouse

Fog Point Lighthouse was constructed in 1827 on the northern tip of Smith Island, Chesapeake Bay off of Crisfield by John Donohoo. It was used to marked the narrow passage north of Smith Island through Kedges Strait. The lighthouse was a white screwpile with a lantern placed on the roof of the dwelling and used …

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Cedar Point Lighthouse

In 1896, the Light House Board requested $25,000 from Congress to build Cedar Point lighthouse on the southern side at the mouth of the Patuxent River to mark a dangerous sand bar. Cedar Point sat on 1.54 acres with a three-story brick and cedar-shingle house crowned by a 50-foot tower housing lens and fog bell …

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Cobb Point Bar Lighthouse

The Cobb Point Bar, also known as Cobb Island Bar was a square cottage screwpile that was pre-fabricated at Lazaretto Depot using the same plans as the light at Tangier Sound in Virginia. The pre-fabricated sections were brought to the site and assembled in a little over 30 days. The lighthouse was commissioned on December …

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Clay Island Lighthouse

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Clay Island Lighthouse was built in 1832 and deactivated in 1892 and was located at the entrance to the Wicomico River on the Eastern Shore of the Chesapeake Bay at the confluence of Nanticoke River, Fishing Bay, and Tangier Sound. It was a small 1-½ story building with the tower on the roof. Sharkfin Shoal …

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Choptank River Lighthouse

Choptank Replica

The Choptank River Light was constructed in 1870 and was a hexagonal cottage style screw pile lighthouse built by Francis A. Gibbons. The lighthouse sat at Bernoni Point in the Choptank River and replaced the Lightship Hooper Strait/Relief (LV 25) that was anchored there from 1870-1871. This lighthouse was similar in style to the York …

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Turkey Point Lighthouse

Turkey Point Lighthouse is located in the Elk Neck State Park. It was authorized by Congress in 1831 and was built in 1833 with a tower and keeper’s quarters by John Donohoo. The tower is 35 feet high and is situated on a 100-foot bluff where the North East and Elk Rivers converge. Originally, the …

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Thomas Point Shoal Lighthouse

Thomas Point Lighthouse - Can you tell if the pickets are new or old?

Perhaps the most photographed lighthouse in The Chesapeake Bay, The Thomas Point Shoal Lighthouse is the last screwpile structure left on its original site in the bay. It went into service on November 27, 1875, to replace a light on the shore at Thomas Point at the entrance to the South River. The Lighthouse Board …

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Solomon’s Lump Lighthouse

The first lighthouse erected here in 1875 was a square cottage style screwpile design. It replaced a light at Fog Point on Cherry Island about a mile to the south that was built in 1827. The screwpile lasted for 18 years until January of 1893 when ice build-up caused the structure to be bent over …

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Sharps Island Lighthouse

The Sharps Island lighthouse is a cast-iron caisson filled with concrete with a brick-lined cast iron tower built on top. The tower is 37 feet tall which sets the light 54 feet above the mean water level. This structure was constructed in 1881-2 and first lit on February 1, 1882. This is the third light …

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Seven Foot Knoll Lighthouse

Seven Foot Knoll

Seven Foot Knoll Light was the second screwpile light to be built on the Chesapeake and the first to be built in Maryland. It is built entirely of iron and in a circular design, which is unique among the Bay’s screwpiles along with its barn red color. It was constructed in 1855 at the mouth …

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Sandy Point Shoal Lighthouse

In 1883 the Sandy Point Shoal caisson with a 37-foot Empire-style eight-sided, red-brick tower with a white roof and black lantern housing a 4th order Fresnel lens was built. This caisson replaced an earlier Sandy Point Light that had been built on land where Sandy Point State Park is located now. It was an onshore …

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Pooles Island Lighthouse

Pooles Island Lighthouse

NOTE: This light is off-limits to the general public because the island was used for bombing and shelling practice from 1918 through the early 1960’s. There are many unexploded bombs and shells all over the island. The light on Pooles Island was authorized by Congress in May of 1824. John Donahoo was the low bidder …

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Point No Point Lighthouse

The first requests for placing a light at this location were sent to Congress in 1891. Congress took no action and the requests were made each year until finally in 1901 $65,000 was granted for the building of the light. Contracts were let for the fabrication of the caisson and the ironwork in 1902. Construction …

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Point Lookout Lighthouse

Point Lookout Lighthouse on a rainy November day.

The Point Lookout Lighthouse is located at the mouth of the Potomac River at the Bay and was originally constructed in 1830 as a one-and-a-half-story wooden and masonry building. It was raised to two-stories in 1883 with the light raised to 41 feet. A free-standing fog bell was built in 1872, however, after the buoy repair shed was …

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Piney Point Lighthouse

The Piney Point Lighthouse was built in 1836 by John Donohoo. Congress appropriated $5,000 in March of 1835 for its construction. In late December of 1835 2.6 acres of land were acquired from Henry Suter for $300. About 14 miles upriver from the Point Lookout lighthouse, Piney Point is the oldest light on the Potomac …

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Hooper Strait Lighthouse

The entrance to Tangier Sound was marked with a lightship from 1827 or 1828 to 1845. The first lighthouse was constructed in 1867 and destroyed by ice during the winter of 1877. The second screwpile lighthouse was constructed in 1880. The structure was designed and built in Baltimore, then dismantled and re-erected at the site …

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Fort Washington Lighthouse

Fort Washington

This active light station was established in 1857 at Fort Washington along the Potomac River south of Washington, D. C. The light was authorized by the United States Secretary of War Jefferson Davis, who a few years later became the President of the Confederate States of America. The initial light was an illuminating apparatus on …

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